Throughout most of the recorded history, the population has been growing rapidly. There were 1 billion of us in 1804, and 2 billion in only 125 years afterwards. By the turn of the millennium, we crossed the 7 billion mark. Today most of this growth is coming from countries now called “developing”, home to an estaimated 86% of the world’s population by 2050. At the same time, in today’s “developed” countries the populating is aging and decreasing rapidly.
Migration flows are a natural response to these major trends, but very few countries today are dealing with these flows effectively. In fact, a lot of today’s societal pressures around the world – often exploding in violence – are direct consequences of the inability of governments and societies to deal with these pressures.
But looking ahead, we are bound to see that raw economics will force developed countries to embrace and promote migration, instead of restricting it. There will simply be no other way to ensure that there are enough producers in a country to provide for pensioners and to drive economic growth. And as more and more countries join the “developed nations” club, many of them will have to face a lot of the same demographic and migration challenges.
Our children will live in a completely different world – their neighbours will come from different parts of the world, speak different languages, have different religious beliefs, live by different habits. Not only do we need to make sure that they live peacefully together, we must also make our children competitive in this new world.
This will be possible if we address educational systems – to make them focused on integral learning as opposed to memorizing data, city ecosystems – to make them conducive to interaction and friendly to younger generations, and the very family upbringing – to make parents informed and educated partners of their children.
In addressing demographic and migration issues, Generation 2030 incorporates these key elements, to ensure a holistic, comprehensive and sustainable approach.