Children, especially those under 5 years old, are the most vulnerable to adverse environmental factors that constitute a reason for one third of all children’s diseases. Standards for maximum permissible concentrations in the air and water are based on measured data extrapolated to an adult organism and totally irrelevant for children. Today, there is no any legal framework enforcing ecological rights of children.
There is a constant increase in harmful chemical substances in the environment putting children at higher risk. The centers of social and ecological tension are evolving around big industrial enterprises and spread its negative influence over tens of kilometers. These are anthropogenic geochemical anomalies with adverse environmental and health impact exceeding patogenetic influence of traditional geochemical regions.